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A fonte da identificação entre Sudley e Sodré

Sérgio Sodré

Nenhum documento com data anterior a 1675 foi até hoje encontrado em Portugal que identifique a família Sodré portuguesa com a família Sudley ou Sudeley inglesa. Todavia, sabe-se que a obra de William Dugdale era conhecida em Portugal no séc. XVIII e que foi usada para afirmar que os Sodré derivavam dos Sudley.  Se assim se construiu uma lenda familiar ou se essa era a verdade é algo que divide os investigadores, embora a tendência dominante aponte para a inexistência de provas suficientemente fortes para aceitar que os Sodré fossem Sudley.

Isto apesar de haver um casamento entre uma Sudley e um Boteler, e de o brasão dos Sodré ser idêntico ao de um ramo de Boteler, mas parece que não o mesmo que se cruzou com os Sudley, ao contrário daquilo que eu próprio cheguei a aventar há uns anos atrás.



At the time of the Conquerors Survey, HAROLD, son to RALPH Earl of Hereford, (who in King EDWARD the Confessors days 1042-66 suffered the Welsh to enter that city, and destroy it by fire 1055) being possessed of the Lordship of Bochenton in Berkshire; Wiche in Worcestershire; Celverdestoch and Derceton in Warwickshire; as also of Sudlege and Todintone in Glocestershire, had his chief seat at Sudlege; and afterwards obtaining Ewyas in Herefordshire, founded there a little priory for monks of S. Benedicis Order.
This HAROLD had two sons, viz. JOHN, Lord of Sudley; and ROBERT, who residing at Ewyas, assumed his firname from that place: and not only confirmed the grants of what his father had given to those monks, but added the church of Burnham thereto.
To which, JOHN succeeded RALPH DE SUDLEY, who in 12 HEN.2. (1166) certified the knights fees, then held of him, to be in number four. This RALPH founded the Priory of Erdbury in Warwickshire, within the precincts of this Lordship of Celverdestoch before mentioned (now vulgary called Chelveres Coton) for the health of his soul, as also of the souls of EMME his wife (daughter of WILLIAM DE BEAUCHAMP of Elmeley) OTWELL his son and heir, and the rest of his children; and gave to the Knights-Templars certain lands lying in Hardwick in com. War. which OTWELL in 4 RICH.1. (1193) paid for his relief twenty marks; and upon levying the scutage for the Kings redemption in 6 RICH.1. (1195) sixty shillings, but dying without issue, RALPH his brother became his heir, and in 10 RICH.1. (1199) gave three hundred marks to the King for livery of his lands: in which sum, sixty marks were included which had been imposed upon his brother OTWELL, as a fine for the defect of a soldier, whom he ought to have maintained in Normandy.
Which RALPH had issue RALPH, his son and heir, who in 6 HEN.3. (1222) paying an hundred pounds for his releif, had livery of his lands: and he BARTHOLOMEW, who was Sheriff of Herefordshire, and Governor of Hereford Castle for the last half of the fifty fourth year of HENRY The Third (1270), and again Sheriff for the fifty sixth year of that King (1272), and 2 EDW.1. (1274) but died in 8 EDW.1. (1280) leaving issue by JOANE his wife, daughter to WILLIAM DE BEAUCHAMP of Elmeley (and sister to WILLIAM DE BEAUCHAMP, the first Earl of Warwick of that family) JOHN, his son and heir, then twenty four years of age. Which JOANE being afterwards interred in the Priory of Erdbury; WALTER LANGTON, Bishop of Conventry and Leitchfield, in 13 EDW.2. (1320) granted a special indulgence for remitting forty days, enjoyned pennance to all such as with a devout mind should say a Pater Noster, and an Ave, for the health of her soul, and the souls of all the faithful deceased.
In 15 EDW.1. (1287) this last mencioned JOHN DE SUDLEY obtained the Kings special license to travel beyond sea: and in 22 EDW.1. (1294) attended the King into Gascoigne; so likewise in 25 EDW.1.
In 26 EDW.1. (1298) he received summons (amongst other the great Men of England) to be at Carlisle on Whitson-Eve, well fitted with horse and arms, to march into Scotland.
In 32 EDW.1. (1304) he was in that expedition then made into Scotland: and in 33 EDW.1. (1305) in consideration of his good services, had pardon for all the debts he owed to the King.
In 34 EDW.1. (1306) he was again in the Scottish Wars, being at that time Lord Chamberlain to the King; and in 8 EDW.2. (1315) received command to be at Newcastle upon Tine, upon the feast day of the Blessed Virgin, well accoutred with horse and arms, to oppose the incursion of the Scots.
This JOHN had summons to Parliament from 28 EDW.1. (1300) until 13 EDW.2. (1320) inclusive.
But more I have not seen of him, then that he married… daughter of… Lord Say, and that he was a liberal benefactor to the canons of Erdbury, by granting to them certain lands and pasturage for cattle, in Derset, Radway, and Chelverscote, in Com. War. and dying without issue, in 10 EDW.3. (1337) left JOHN, the son of BARTHOLOMEW DE SUDLEY his next heir, then thirty years of age, who married ELEANOR, the daughter of ROBERT Lord Scales: and departing this life in 14 EDW.3. (1341) left issue JOHN, his son and heir, then one year old, and two daughters, viz. JOANE, who became the wife of WILLIAM LE BOTELER of Wemme in Com. Salop. and MARGERY of Sir ROBERT MASSEY knight. Which last mentioned JOHN, being in the Kings service in Ireland, in 35 EDW.3. (1362) had respite for doing his homage; and in 40 EDW.3. (1367) attended Prince EDWARD in that expedition then by him made into Gascoigne; but died the next ensuing year without issue: Whereupon THOMAS BOTELER, son of the said WILLIAM BOTELER, and JOANE his elder sister; and MARGERY the other sister, became his heirs. Betwixt whom, partition of all the lands, wereof he was seised, being made in 42 EDW.3. (1369) the said THOMAS had the Mannor of Sudley in Com. Gloc. And the moity of the Mannor of Sheriff-Lench in Com. Wigorn. Together with the advowsons and knights fees to those Lordships appertaining, assigned for his purparty: and she the said MARGERY, the Mannors of Cheping-Derset and Grive in Com. Warr. with the other moity of the Mannor of Sheriff-Lench for her purpaty.
Pg 428-9.
Of this name of BOTELER, I come now to another family of note (some of them being barons of this Realm, as I shall shew anon) the first of which being called ROBERT, assumed the same by reason of his office, in regard he was botler to RANULPH DE GERNONS Earl of Chester; as appeareth by the words of his charter, whereby he founded an abby for monks of the Cistercian Order, at Pultime, in Com. Cestr. in anno 1158 (4 H.2.) which abby was afterwards translated to Delacres in Com. Staff.
Wich ROBERT had issue ROBERT. But from him I have seen no more, till King JOHN’s time (1199-1216), that WILLIAM LE BUTILLER was certified to hold eight knights fees in Com. Lanc. in capite of the King.
To which WILLIAM, succeeded another WILLIAM; who, in 43 H.3. (1259) was constituted Sheriff of the County of Lancaster, and Governour of the castle there. This WILLIAM, taking part with the rebellious barons of that age, made his peace in September, 49 H.3. (1265) (which was soon after the victory at Evesham). Whereupon the Sheriff of Lancashire had command to restore his lands unto him, which had been seised for that transgression. And, in 5 E.1. (1277) obtain’d the King’s charter for a market on the Friday every week, at his Mannor of Werington, in Com. Lanc. as also for a fair yearly, on the Eve Day, and Morrow after the feast of St. Andrew, and five days ensuing.
Moreover, in 13 E.1. (1285) he obtain’d another grant for the change of that market there to the Wednesday; and to another fair, to continue eight days, beginning on the Eve of St. Thomas the Martyr’s translation.
In 22 E.1. (1294) this WILLIAM, upon summons of divers great men, to attend the King in June, to advise concerning the important affairs of the State, was one of that number; and thereupon had command to repair to Portsmouth, upon the first of September following, well fitted with horse and arms, thence to sail with him into Gascoine. Furthermore, in 23, 24, and 25 E.1. (1297) he had summons to Parliament, amongst the barons of this Realm: and in 34 E.1. (1306) was in that expedition then made into Scotland.
To whom succeeded JOHN LE BOTELER. Which JOHN had the like summons to Parliament in 14 E.2. (1321)
In 44 E.3. (1371) I find another Sir JOHN BOTELER of Werington knight, who was in that expedition then made to Gascoine; and of the retinue to JOHN Duke of Lancaster. But farther than this, in regard they never had any more summons to Parliament, and consequently stood not in the degree of barons of this Realm, I shall not say.
Pg. 653-654.     

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